• Leon Pantenburg | Survival Common Sense


How to cope with the precipitation: Ten tips for comfortable camping in the rain

rainy forest
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My through-hike on the John Muir Trail had turned into a soggy slog. It rained for nine consecutive days and nights. Every  morning I had to pack up wet, and then hope there would be some sunshine later on in the day to dry things out.

by Leon Pantenburg

In spite of the soaking wet experience on the John Muir Trail things were not grim and depressing. You don’t appreciate how wonderful a sunny afternoon is until you need to dry out all your gear. And there is nothing like rain to make you appreciate a lack of precipitation. I didn’t let the weather detract from the incredible mountain scenery on the John Muir, and whole journey is one of my most cherished outdoor memories.

After decades of backpacking and scouting in all weather, I have learned some ways to cope with the rain while camping. (Check out: Ten tips for finding a safe campsite.)


This well-pitched tarp over the campfire area allowed us to cook safely and comfortably even while it rained.

This well-pitched tarp over the campfire area allowed us to cook safely and comfortably even while it rained. (Pantenburg photo)

1. Go in spite of the weather: Some of the most enlightening camping is when the bad weather happens and you get to test your equipment and skills and learn how to stay comfortable. Look upon camping as a way to train for an emergency evacuation after a natural disaster.

2. Take tarps: The first key to a successful rainy camp is to know how to pitch tarp shelters. You may have great tents, but nobody wants to sit in one all day to stay dry. I like to pitch a main tarp over the picnic table (if available) for a dining/games  area, and another as a place to sit and read. A multitude of smaller tarp shelters around camp can allow the kids to have their own, and the adults to be able sit around and talk. Pitch the tarps first thing.

3. Use plastic bags: I always pack gear and clothing in various sizes of  plastic bags. Large trash bags and heavy ziplocks allow you to cover just about anything. The 2-1/2 gallon ziplocks are particularly useful.  My back pack  is water resistant, and has a cover, so just about everything has two layers of waterproofing.

4. Choose good rain gear: You can choose between a poncho or rain jacket and pants, but they must be good quality. A cheap set is wasted money and you’ll regret pinching pennies.  I wear a poncho while hiking in the rain because it releases water vapor generated from sweating. But a rain suit if better if you are are canoeing or sitting in a boat.  Here’s how to make the best choice for your needs.

5. Dress correctly: No cotton.  Once it gets wet, it stays cold and clammy. Instead, layer  lightweight nylon clothing and synthetic underwear in the warmer months and switch to wool and polypropylene layers in the winter.

6. Stay warm: Even in the summer, an overcast, rainy day can be uncomfortably cold and possibly dangerous. My standard clothing for any time of year starts with a set of  polypropylene underwear. It wicks away moisture and is a great start toward staying comfortable.

Choose the right sleeping bag. Down is worthless when wet, and can be very hard to dry out. A good synthetic bag, such as I had on the John Muir Trial, will keep you warn when wet, and dry out quickly.

A steel dryer basket makes a safe, cheap fire containment unit. (Pantenburg photo)

A steel dryer basket makes a safe, cheap fire containment unit. (Pantenburg photo)

7. Contain your campfire: A campfire can make a rainy campsite fun. But make sure it’s safe, and that it won’t spread. I really like the steel dryer baskets for do-it-yourself campfires. Whatever you use, make sure your tarp over it is a minimum of seven or eight feet high.

8. Take a good stove: When your stove doesn’t work, life gets grim. Cooking in the rain means using either a gas or alcohol stove or a wood fired stove. Get one that lights easily and stays lit. Hot drinks are a great way to make the day look brighter.

9. Pack morale builders: Reading a good book by lantern light under a tarp in the rain is my idea of time well spent. A deck of cards, or some sort of board game can also go over really well. Think about this: You have an opportunity to bond with other family members and hang out. Make sure you pitch a tarp over the picnic table.

10. Enjoy the experience: If you’ve prepared for wet weather, you won’t be uncomfortable.  If you are hiking or

canoeing, haul out the rain gear when rain threatens – don’t wait for the water to fall. Stay prepared for rain, and it doesn’t become an emergency. It is the coldest, wettest, most challenging outings you will remember most fondly.

Today,  I seldom let the weather cancel an outing. Rain doesn’t ruin an outdoor adventure – it is part of  greater experience.  Life is too short to choose an afternoon in front of the TV over being outside –  don’t let a little rain spoil your outing.

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  • Mike

    Heading for 3 days of camping with the family and we will be meeting the tail end of a hurricane. Looks like rain the entire time. Excited to see how it turns out. Hopefully with planning and prep it will give memories for years!

  • Ratty

    Nice post. Rain is a fun challenge to your ability to plan ahead and prepare and be one jump ahead of the weather. I love contractor bags as pack covers, pack liners, firewood covers, dry places to sit, protection for the old folding chair, door mats for tents, makeshift “dish pans” and “washing machines”, rain skirts for hiking, a base for a Leave No Trace fire… all kinds of things.

    I love sitting under a good tarp, reading a book while it’s coming down buckets outside. Rain makes you use your head and consider the consequences of your actions (or your failure to act). Good teacher!

  • Rod Nielsen

    On the tarp corner strain relief, might I make a suggestion, born of painful experience. Where pin-top poles may be employed, clip a carabiner into the corner grommet and run the cord through it, rather than the grommet itself. If you don’t do this, the tarp pole pin will pinch and restrain movement of the cord, from side to side, thereby negating the sharing of strain-load, evenly, to the two outer grommets.

  • Bob P.

    Hi Leon, I have a couple of thought for pitching tarps, especially for the newbies to bad weather camping.

    Pitch it tight – a flapping tarp will soon be in shreds or have the grommets ripped out.

    There’s big difference between a nice gentle rain and a storm. In a storm with wind, stake the edge of the tarp toward the wind near, or right to, the ground. If stakes won’t hold, put a log or rocks on the edge of the tarp.

    In a perfect pitch, the ground and the tarp will both slope toward the on coming storm and the wind. This will shed the wind and allow the rain to drain off the tarp and away from the dry area under the tarp. If your tarp is over your fire, it will allow the wind to take the smoke out the high/open side of the tarp.

    Have a definite high and low side of the tarp to control the drainage – there might be two of each. It’s not cool to be dumping water on your tent or on the sitting log. Also dump the water so it does not flow through the dry area under the tarp.

    Protect the tarp. If you pitch your tarp over your fire, put a corner over the fire to keep the rain off the fire and let the wind take the smoke and sparks away. Keep the corner over the fire high enough to let any sparks go out before they hit the tarp. Minnesota law requires that the wind always be in your face and switch as soon as your tarp is set up.

    If you need to prop up a portion of the tarp, use something like a canoe paddle under the tarp that will spread out the force on the tarp material. I have sewn extra heavy patches on my tarps so I can use a stick/pole to prop them up. The patches even have a cord attached to tie the pole on. If the wind picks the tarp up, the pole rides with it and doesn’t fall down.

    Last, but not least, in heavy weather, use a self-equalizing anchor on the grommets that will spread out the force between 2 or 3 grommets rather than putting it all on one. Climbers will know what I’m talking about.

    Maybe we should do a tarp segment with pictures.


  • Mark

    Being in the woods in the rain is awesome, I wish it would happen more. Infact, I believe I will plan some trips this winter on weekends where “foul weather’ is in the forecast.

  • Leon

    Good points! Rain and wet weather completely changes the outdoor experience, but it doesn’t have to be a negative thing.

  • Survival Prepper Joe

    This is a great article!

    Rain gear and good fire making are essential, but I think your last tip is the most useful. Mindset makes all the difference.

    One suggestion is to use this as a skill honing experience, too. Building a fire when there’s beautiful weather is one thing. Doing it when it’s cold and soaking and windy is another.

    Keeping rain in mind makes you look at landscape differently — where a wash out can occur, where the higher ground is, and avoiding low level areas that can become flooded or swampy. Even great weather can turn bad fast, and setting up your campsite with weather in mind before you need it can save the day.

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